From what we know about the Paleolithic society I could easily come up with one example of the human response to climate and geography. All of these examples prove to be true during the Neolithic era and even in some areas of the world today. The first example is moving to where the food is, whether it’s hunting or cropping. As we know today the climate and weather can have a big effect on crops, if they’ll grow or not, and the change of land and bigger human population can lead animals that can be hunted away.
When animals would move due to their instincts on nature the hunter and gatherers were able to learn when the climate was going to change. Because of how the seasons change the climate changes drastically causing animals to move and humans stalking them as prey, we see this quite a bit in the early Stone Age era. One example of the human response is that because of the huge changes in temperature due to seasons agricultural people were forced to learn the changes of the climate they looked towards the position of the sun, moon and stars.
The last example of human reaction to the climate and land led me to this next example. Because they depended on the items above to tell them the weather for the day they created a relationship between heaven and earth. The Pelolithic people honored fertility and the later developed religion which led the interest on worshiping the agricultural society, regeneration of life.
It’s amazing to think how things we find simple today like the climate and our geography today had such an impact on the beginning of life, even to the extent of creating a religion, and there are many other examples that could tell of its importance and how humans react. Development of civilization has changed much over the years and we see cause and effect happening quite a bit during the Neolithic era. Because of the bigger agricultural lifestyle people would settle in villages near crops and where they were able to cultivate animals.
Permanent settlements increased and the work people did increase as well, which gave families an opportunity for wealth; trade became a huge part in this. Richer families began to own private lands and this is what began social classes. Due to villages with good farmland it attracted more people and villages soon became cities. The rise up to cities also created professional managers, which I’m sure led to politics.