The results of industrialization had both positive and negative effects on society. For almost each beneficial effect of industrialization there was an adverse impact. Manufactured countries also had positive demographic change, increase in urbanization and a higher production in products that became very sufficient for society. The increase in production occurred because of the creation of machines that were put together in a factory that was run by workers which included men, women and children. The adverse effect was that people had to suffer poor working conditions in these factories. These conditions put a stress on people’s lives which led to depression in communities.
People had to work long hours, basically all day, had no health care and the bad sanitation and new machines left many people weak and injured. Although this was a hard time for laborers society benefited from it because of the change we made into today’s society such as an improvement in sanitation, acceptable working hours and a creation of health care. Another adverse of industrialization, particularly in North America, is a reliance on some of the imported goods we need to maintain factories such as coal, a fossil fuel that has a major impact on the environment because of the pollution it spreads out, and rubber from the producing countries.
New products also helped manufactured countries’ environment because of the avoidance of using too much wood for energy because it led to great deforestation. These environmental issues and bad working conditions are just a few reasons why fertility dropped and mortality dropped even faster causing the population to increase. Women needed to work in order to have a financially safe family in this transforming industrial society. Because women were forced to work they used birth control to prevent having kids that will hinder them from their work. Birth control is truly the main reason why fertility rate dropped during these times. The fortune that the Americas gave attracted many people from other countries which reflected the bad political and economic occurrences in that country. Industrialization also brought new social classes such as a new elite middle class and a new working class. Child labor also became prominent during these times in order to bring a decent wage for families. Socialist change also occurred in a want for equal communities which promoted capitalism which is something we view as negative in today’s society. In conclusion industrialization caused an increase in the standards of living, brought social problems as well as benefits in the long run that we see today in the twenty-first century.